Domain names are a realm of administrative authority given on the internet, to a particular website controller. Common domain names with which we are quite commonly acquainted include .com, .net, .org, .gov and.edu. For a website to use the internet on any of these or any other domain name, needs permission. This permission is given after the domain has been through the process of domain registration.
The basic need for getting your domain registration is finding a domain registrar. A domain registrar gets you through all the processes and provides you with a genuine domain name. A domain name space is actually provided by a web hosting. A registrar is only a legalised medium who checks for the availability and conforms with the policies of a domain name before providing it to you. The space provided by the web hosting is done through the use of a server. The server is the store house of all the data which is coming in to the web host. The server can use any of the existing operating system technologies like Linux, Windows etc… In either case it is bestowed with the respective name such as a linux hosting and a windows web hosting.
Now the question arises what is the difference between Linux and windows hosting, which should be chosen for your requirements and why? If we go deeper in to the services provided by a web host, we can find out that some web hosts do provide both the Linux as well as Windows webhosting. But in most cases, Linux webhosting is the only choice given by a web host. For a non tech personal, availing the services from a webhosting company, this fact may not matter. For them, it is only the matter of overall services that the web hosting company they have hired, matters.
Actually there is no connection between a web hosting server operating system and your system’s operating system. They completely work independently of each other.
However, we find most of the web hosting servers with Linux operating system, reason being :
1) Linux is an open source OS, so there is no licence fee involved, which makes it quite economical to use.
2) Linux is inherently the most reliable and secure operating system.
3) The performance of Linux systems is better than windows.
4) When the requirements are specifically described by the client who may need the use of Microsoft technologies like ASP or .net or in case the client needs to use the SQL server, Windows webhosting may be preferable. But in any other cases, it is advised to use Linux webhosting.
A business hosting requires features which may provide a cutting edge to your business, online. The basic features among these would include an auto-responder, security, mailing list software, a software to know your customers, a shopping cart (in case you are to provide shopping facilities of any sort to your customers), and an anonymous FTP. Both the web hosting server’s viz. Linux and windows try to provide these features, in order to allure more customers. But due to some inherent better features of Linux, Linux webhosting has come to lead in the race lately.